How to Care for Bell Peppers Plants / Capsicum Plant Care

Bell Peppers or Capsicum or Sweet Peppers are a widely popular vegetable because of it’s sweet, spicy or hot taste and also because of their varied colors. These are a rich source of Vitamin C. Bell peppers needs your little extra effort to grow. Keeping the plant moist and warm but at the same time protected from scorching heat & strong winds, needs a little care but not hard enough as long as you are aware of what is required by a pepper plant. Let’s discuss how to care for bell peppers plants.

how to care for bell peppers

Bell Peppers

Find the Ideal Place

  • Peppers love sun. keep them at a spot which receive minimum 6 hours of sunlight.
  • If you live in a warm/ desert like climate the try to place them at a spot where the plant can be protected from hot noon sun or try to put cluster of pots at one place.
  • Plant peppers in fertile & well drained soil.
  • If the soil is too clayey or sandy, add well matured organic compost before planting.


  • Peppers require regular watering.
  • Keep the soil moist. Peppers are very heat sensitive, don’t let the soil to dry out completely.
  • Increase the water cycle if the climate is dry & warm.
  • Don’t over water the plants as this will damage their roots.
  • Water directly at the foot of the plant rather than sprinkling over the plant as wet foliage can attract fungal diseases.


  • Start fertilizing once the plant start setting fruit.
  • Pepper plants are heavy feeders, so Fertilize them in every 15 – 2o days.
  • If using chemical fertilizer, apply the one which has N-P-K ratio of 10:10:10 or 5:10:10.
  • Before applying the fertilizer make sure the plant is watered well. Otherwise, the plant can take up too much fertilizer which will burn the plant.
  • Spread the fertilizer on the soil leaving 4-5 inches from stem of the plant.


  • Cover the base of the plant with organic matter.
  • Mulching helps the soil to remain cool & to retain moisture for somewhat longer than normal.
  • If is important to leave a gap of 1-2 inches between the stem of the plant & mulch as this lower the possibility of any diseases.

Pruning & Pinching

  • Once the plant become 10-12 inches tall, pinch the top growing tips to make it bushier.
  • Normally pruning is not a necessity but can be done if required.

Pests and Diseases

  • Normally the following pests found on pepper: Aphids, Spider Mites, Whiteflies etc.
  • Spray the plant with insecticidal soap to remove pests.
  • If the situation is more serious then apply pesticides.


  • If required, support the plant with stakes.
  • Harvest the fruit as soon as it reaches the desired size.
  • For bigger fruit & more yield, spray the plant with a mixture of 1 tablespoon of Epsom salt in 4 liters of water every month.
  • If the plant flowering too early, deadheads the flower. This will help the plant to grow more.
  • If want to speed up the process of maturation of fruits, don’t let new fruits set in.

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