BELL PEPPERS or CAPSICUM is a warm weather vegetable available in different colors mainly Green, Red, Yellow, Purple & white. They are easy to grow (provided the right climate) and resist most pests and diseases. If you don’t have much space available or you live in a cold climate then growing bell peppers in Pots/Container is a great idea. Let’s discuss how to grow bell peppers from seeds.
Starting from Seeds
- Fill the seed tray with good quality Seed Starting Mix/ Potting Mix or you can make one yourself. Can also use pots instead.
- Plant two seeds in each cell or three seeds in each pot. Can also soak the seeds in lukewarm water for 2-6 hours before planting for early germination.
- Keep the potting medium moist, not soaking wet & don’t let it try out.
- The soil temperature must be atleast 20 C (70 F) for optimum germination rate.
- Seeds will germinate anything in between 7-21 days, depending upon the seed quality & growing condition.
- Once germinated, thin out the weaker seedling. In case of pot, discard the weakest one and let two plants grow as they protect each other from sunscald & sunburn. The yield will also be good as compared to two different plants.
- Start hardening off seedlings atleast 7 days before transplanting.
- Prepare the garden soil or potting soil by adding well matured compost or fertilizer atleast 7 days in advance.
- Transplant the seedlings once they grow atleast 2 true leaves.
- Plant the seedlings around 20 inches apart in ground or 2 per medium sized pot.
- Add 2-3 matchstick tips in the hole with the plant. This will give your plant a much needed Sulfur and Potassium.
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- If you live in tropical or warm/desert climate, then avoid planting pepper in BLACK POTS.
- Green & Red pepper are the same things. Reds are the one which have been allowed to mature on plants longer.